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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Meaning unbreakable in ancient Greek, diamonds are surely the most recognized and sought-after gemstones in the world both for their physical properties and aesthetic value. While having many industrial applications, diamonds are best known for their use in jewelry, especially in engagement rings, as status symbols and in case of blood diamonds, also the driving force behind dictators and revolutionary entities. Learn more about diamonds, their properties, many various types and applications, as well as the dark side of the diamond trade in this book.

Anbieter: Dodax

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot

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123,00 CHF *

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Connections and higher-order logic.- Commutation, transformation, and termination.- Full-commutation and fair-termination in equational (and combined) term-rewriting systems.- An actual implementation of a procedure that mechanically proves termination of rewriting systems based on inequalities between polynomial interpretations.- Proving termination of associative commutative rewriting systems by rewriting.- Relating resolution and algebraic completion for Horn logic.- A simple non-termination test for the Knuth-Bendix method.- A new formula for the execution of categorical combinators.- Proof by induction using test sets.- How to prove equivalence of term rewriting systems without induction.- Sufficient completeness, term rewriting systems and ¿anti-unification¿.- A new method for establishing refutational completeness in theorem proving.- A theory of diagnosis from first principles.- Some contributions to the logical analysis of circumscription.- Modal theorem proving.- Computational aspects of three-valued logic.- Resolution and quantified epistemic logics.- A commonsense theory of nonmonotonic reasoning.- Negative paramodulation.- The heuristics and experimental results of a new hyperparamodulation: HL-resolution.- ECR: An equality conditional resolution proof procedure.- Using narrowing to do isolation in symbolic equation solving ¿ an experiment in automated reasoning.- Formulation of induction formulas in verification of prolog programs.- Program verifier 'Tatzelwurm': Reasoning about systems systems of linear inequalities.- An interactive verification system based on dynamic logic.- What you always wanted to know about clause graph resolution.- Parallel theorem proving with connection graphs.- Theory links in semantic graphs.- Abstraction using generalization functions.- An improvement of deduction plans: Refutation plans.- Controlling deduction with proof condensation and heuristics.- Nested resolution.- Mechanizing constructive proofs.- Implementing number theory: An experiment with Nuprl.- Parallel algorithms for term matching.- Unification in combinations of collapse-free theories with disjoint sets of function symbols.- Combination of unification algorithms.- Unification in the data structure sets.- NP-completeness of the set unification and matching problems.- Matching with distributivity.- Unification in boolean rings.- Some relationships between unification, restricted unification, and matching.- A classification of many-sorted unification problems.- Unification in many-sorted equational theories.- Classes of first order formulas under various satisfiability definitions.- Diamond formulas in the dynamic logic of recursively enumerable programs.- A prolog machine.- A prolog technology theorem prover: Implementation by an extended prolog compiler.- Paths to high-performance automated theorem proving.- Purely functional implementation of a logic.- Causes for events: Their computation and applications.- How to clear a block: Plan formation in situational logic.- Deductive synthesis of sorting programs.- The TPS theorem proving system.- Trspec: A term rewriting based system for algebraic specifications.- Highly parallel inference machine.- Automatic theorem proving in the ISDV system.- The karlsruhe induction theorem proving system.- Overview of a theorem-prover for a computational logic.- GEO-prover ¿ A geometry theorem prover developed at UT.- The markgraf karl refutation procedure (MKRP).- The J-machine: Functional programming with combinators.- The illinois prover: A general purpose resolution theorem prover.- Theorem proving systems of the Formel project.- The passau RAP system: Prototyping algebraic specifications using conditional narrowing.- RRL: A rewrite rule laboratory.- A geometry theorem prover based on Buchberger's algorithm.- REVE a rewrite rule laboratory.- ITP at argonne national laboratory.- Autologic at university of victoria.- Thinker.- The KLAUS automated deduction system.- The KRIPKE automated theorem proving system.- SHD-prover at university of texas at austin.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot

150,90 CHF *

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This book covers latest development in theory and experiments of unconventional radiation production. Specifically, the generation of Tera-Hertz and X-ray radiation from low energy electron beams in the form of Channeling, Transition, Diffraction, Cherenkov, Smith-Purcell, PXR and Crystalline Undulator Radiation are presented. Material characteristics like thin targets, curved or bend crystals, inhomogeneous and left handed materials, multilayers as well as stimulation by external radiation are covered to demonstrate their influence in these processes. Novel ideas are offered on the use of such radiation in detectors and particle beam monitor development with improved energy or time resolution. The book assumes some familiarity of the reader with theoretical concepts underlying these phenomena and is therefore of primary use to the practicing scientist. More fundamental discussions of these phenomena can be found in the 2002 monograph 'Electron-Photon Interaction in Dense Media' within the NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry - Vol. 49. TOC:Dedication. Preface. Acknowledgments. Overview of Advanced Photon Sources and their Applications.- Dynamical Effects for High Resolution Parametric X-Radiation.- Diffraction, Extraction and Focusing of Parametric X-ray Radiation, Channeling Radiation and Crystal Undulator Radiation from a Bent Crystal.- Choice of Optimal Target for Monochromatic Tunable X-ray Source Based on Low-Energy Accelerator.- Polarized Radiation from Electrons at Off-Axis Crystal Orientation.- Radiation Emitted from Relativistic Planar Channeled Positrons.- Radiation Produced by Fast Particles in Left-Handed Materials (LHM) and Photonic Crystals (PHCr.- Polarization Effects on Electromagnetic Processes in Oriented Crystals at High Energy.- Calculation of Planar Channeling Radiation Produced by 20 MeV Electrons in Quartz.- Channeling at Extremely High Bunch Charges and Solid State Plasma Acceleration.- Radiation by Relativistic Electrons in Thin Targets and at Collisions with Short Bunches of Relativistic Particles.- Stimulated Smith-Purcell Radiation from 6 MeV Electrons.- Photo Emission in Crystalline Undulators.- Accelerator Test of Crystal Undulators.- Surface Effects on A Diamond Target at Non-Linear Emission of Spontaneous Radiation from 4.3 GeV Electrons.- X-Ray Transition and Cherenkov Radiation Produced by High-Energy Particles in Multilayers and their Applications.- X-Ray Cherenkov Radiation.- On X-ray Sources Based on Cherenkov and Quasi-Cherenkov Emission Mechanisms.- Investigation of Far-Infrared Smith-Purcell Radiation at the 3.41 MeV Electron Injector Linac of the Mainz Microtron MAMI.- Radiation by Relativistic Electrons in Thin Targets and at Collisions with Short Bunches of Relativistic Particles.- Ring X-Ray Transition Radiation Detectors on the Basis of Charge Coupled Device Array.- Proposal for a Photon Detector with Picosecond Time Resolution.- Femtosecond Deflection of Electron Beams in Laser Fields and Femtosecond Oscilloscopes.- Novel Fast-Acting Scintillation Detectors for Wide Energy Range Applications.- New Technology of High Effective Registration of X-rays.- Vibrating Wire Scanner/Monitor for Photon Beams with Wide Range of Spectrum and Intensity.- Nuclear Astrophysics Measurements on Electron Linear Accelerator.- A Combined High Energy Moeller and Compton Polarimeter.- Experimental Studies of positron Sources using Multi-GeV Channelled Electrons at CERN(a) and KEK(b) 357.- Some Results on Microanalysis of Gold using Micro-XRF at the ANKA - Karlsruhe Synchrotron Radiation Facilities.- Inelastic Photon-Electron Collisions with Polarized Beams.- Impact Parameter Profile of Synchrotron Radiation.- Status and Highlights of the CANDLE Project.- Non-Linear Beam Dynamics Study in Low Emittance Storage Rings.- Study of the Multi-Level EPICS Based Control System for the CANDLE Light Source.- Main Approaches to the Cooling System for the CANDLE Light Source. Proposed First Beam Lines for CANDLE.- Power Converters for CANDLE Light Source.- The Insertion Device Adapted Vacuum Chamber Design Study.- Index.

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82,99 € *

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Anbieter: Thalia AT

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot

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121,00 € *

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Anbieter: Thalia AT

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot

Stand: 27.10.2020 Zum Angebot